Guilin is a multi-ethnic city that gathering with four minority groups, they are Zhuang, Miao, Yao, Dong, they migrate to Guilin for hundreds of years, their mysterious culture is worthwhile to discovery.
The Zhuang are the most populous among the ethnic minorities in China . Guilin is one of the homes of the Zhuang nationality. Zhuang ethnic nationality is centuries-old and is distributed in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Yunnan Province, Guangdong Province and Guizhou Province .Their culture is particularly rich and colorful.
Miao ethnic minority nationality lives in Guizhou Province , Yunnan Province, Hunan Province , Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Area and Sichuan Province . The Miao can be divided further into sub-groups that can be distinguished by their the different costumes, These are the ' Long Skirt Miao', ' Short Skirt Miao', ' Red Miao', 'Black Miao', 'Highland Miao' and ' Eight Villages Miao' Their homeland has abundant supply of wood, so the architecture of Miao consists mainly of building built with wood.
Yao nationality is distributed in six provinces but the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region contains the largest population of the Yao people. They have their own language but most would also speak mandarin. Their origins date to the Qin Dynasty. There are several sub-groups within the Yao nationality.
Yao people are distinctive by their colorful national dress and often the women will have extremely long hair which is coiled up on top of their head.
Countless villages of Dong ethnic minority nationality are spread in green valleys, where fir trees are luxuriously green and rivers surge forward. Their homelands extend from Liping, Rongjiang, Congjiang, Jinping, Tianzhu, Zhenyuan, Jianhe county in Guizhou Province to Xinhuang, Tongdao, Shuining, and other counties in Hunan Province .
It's an exiting experience, when walking or cruising along the river, to see fishing done with their birds!
Cormorant fishing is a traditional life style for the fisherman of the Li River. This art is still practiced today among the fishermen who dwell on the Li and earn their living from fishing.
70 percent of China 's population live a rural lifestyle and the rural area around Guilin is typical of this. The farmers in the countryside produce a great variety of produce including fruit ,vegetable, sugarcane and of course rice. The water buffalo is the most important farm animal for these farmers and you will see them working in the field and rice paddies as you explore the lush countryside.